Cognitive psychology, the school of psychology that deals with the mind in terms analogous to computer science, postulates mental modules and programmes that filter and process perceptions, experiences and thoughts, and archetypes can be seen in this light. To put it another way, archetypes are like centres of gravity in the psychic universe, attracting and animating related concepts and imagery.
Freudian slips :all the psychology you need to know /Joel Levy. – National Library
As an analyst he was forcibly struck by the way in which patients he considered relatively simple and uneducated related imagery replete with symbolism from arcane and cross-cultural sources. If they could not have encountered such symbols in their own lives, where could they be coming from?
His own experience supplied a telling example: only after a series of dreams in which he saw a four-fold radiating pattern did he discover that this symbol had a name — the mandala — and was a common theme in Eastern cultures. Jung identified a handful of major archetypes although he allowed that the total number might be unlimited , including the wise old man and his female counterpart, the magna mater , or great mother.
These and other archetypes can be spotted everywhere from popular culture e. A typical example of aversion therapy is conditioning someone to avoid alcohol by giving them a drug that makes them sick whenever they drink alcohol. Conditioned food aversion is where an association between ingesting something and being sick rapidly leads to a long-lasting and deep-seated aversion as in the case of someone who gets sick from bad shellfish, and subsequently feels nauseous at the sight, smell or even thought of shellfish. For instance, dogs that were trained to associate certain stimuli with electric shocks quickly grew to dislike said stimuli.
If such experiments sound cruel, imagine the ethical issues surrounding aversion therapy in humans. Yet such considerations have not stopped aversion therapy from being used from the s to the present day. Possibly the first application of aversion therapy was in the treatment of alcohol abuse in , using electric shocks.leondumoulin.nl/language/developed/second-rhapsody-score.php
ISBN 13: 9781782432005
Ten years later chemical aversion therapy for alcoholism was first tried, and today it is still in use with the drug Antabuse the proprietary name for disulfuram prescribed to cause nausea, vomiting and palpitations when alcohol is consumed. In , for instance, a man was asked to engage in homoerotic fantasies and given electric shocks. A similar experiment from involved a barefoot man standing on an electrified metal floor and given shocks while being shown pictures of naked men. After 4, shocks the subject reportedly became bisexual.
Aversion therapy for homosexuality lurched further into farce in the late s with the development by psychiatrist Kurt Freund of chemical methods. No offense meant, I'm just hoping children don't stumble across this section. Not to mention the hundreds of wikipedia pages on sexual organs, sexual perversions, sexual toys, sexual rituals, and Sigmund Freud.
Then again, Freud says it's an adult's delusion that children are pure and asexual. What about reading the word "ladder" in the joke above as "bladder" , while needing to go to the bathroom and having the bladder in mind. Recently, on YouTube, I saw a video where President Bush made a Freudian slip--that's what led me to this article in the first place to better understand what it is. Now, what he said was "Our enemies are very creative, and so are we.
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They never stop thinking of ways to harm our country, and neither do we. The problem is, I think common courtesy dictates that YouTube videos cannot be used for citations. I have no other proof that he ever made this slip. Under what other circumstances could I add such a thing? It would seem degrading to the president if I added it without proof. Please contact me on my talk page if possible, as my memory isn't so good on what page I was discussing.
The example given Rice calling Pres. Bush her husband is not supported by the citation. The Guardian article does not contain that phrase or anything similar. Perhaps we should find clearer examples? Any suggestions? Sexkcd talk , 29 August UTC. I think it should be.
After all, when Freud discussed parapraxes, they included all mental mistakes, from misreading a sentence to accidentally saying one thing instead of another. The "Freudian Slip," as it was later termed, only refers to slips of the tongue. In other words an intentional misnomer such as "loud-mouth mute" or "idiotic genuis" —Preceding unsigned comment added by This needs them. Is it just me, or is this page, and only this page, defaulting to mobile view for some reason? Is there anything in the code that might cause that?
Does anyone know any candidates for the earlier or earliest historical usage of this phrase and whether or not it predates parapraxis? I have just modified one external link on Freudian slip. Please take a moment to review my edit. If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple FaQ for additional information.
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When you have finished reviewing my changes, you may follow the instructions on the template below to fix any issues with the URLs. Each section is short, to the point and uses language which is accessible but not patronising. After one or two pages the reader is in the position to decide whether they wish to pursue the topic further. A fine introduction to psychology. Bad points: Should one decide to pursue anything which captures their interest, they will unlikely be pointed i Good points: This little book provides a snapshot view on some of the most well known psychological theories, experiments, characters and buzzwords.
Bad points: Should one decide to pursue anything which captures their interest, they will unlikely be pointed in the right direction by the book. The bibliography is sparse. Anybody who has knowledge of or more than a passing interest in psychology won't learn anything new here. It is very introductory. Summary: It depends what you're after. If it's a place to begin some exploration or a few interesting sound bites for a dinner party with friends, crack on. Anything beyond that and you're wasting your time and money.
Jan 30, Kay Smith rated it liked it. I'm not quite sure one should trust a book on psychology that only has two pages of sources. If you have no knowledge of psychology, this might be interesting. Who has no knowledge and no interest, and I read the damn thing. Not quite sure. I'm ambivalent to this read. It's just an unnecessary waste of paper in my reckoning. Jan 13, Samuel N rated it really liked it. Well written, covers a range of topics and is accessible to the layman. Very informative, although each topic is only covered in passing, which leaves the writer a little short on the more detailed picture.
Jan 11, Robert Welsh rated it liked it. Although it's not an in-depth book, it does have some interesting tidbits of information. You'll learn just as much about psychology from reading this book as you would from taking a PSYCH course, all at a fraction of the cost!
May 06, Ahmad El Saegh rated it really liked it. This one a very lovely book, most of the cases were described briefly and in an entertaining way that makes it accessible to non experts.