Washington's orders from his headquarters at Middle Brook, New Jersey, enjoined officers to prepare quickly for the field, and also set up a Conductor of Military Stores for each regiment. McDougall's departmental orders concern cleaning up barracks, buying stores, issuing permits for boats traveling up or down the Hudson, bounties for soldiers enlisting for the duration, recruiting travel, and precautions against enemy attack. Also included is an "Alphabit" index of the orders contained in the book.
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Orders from Washington's headquarters in Morristown N. District and garrison orders concern removal of Maryland and Pennsylvania troops to Morristown, completing barracks, checking the Hudson for enemy activity, and re-enlistment of Massachusetts soldiers. Brigade and regimental orders concern reports on personnel and furnishing the troops with bayonets. Orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge list his requirements for cleanliness, health, discipline, and state of alert for the troops; prescribe specific measures for strengthening the army's lines and redoubts; set forth the organizational plan for the besieging army; and even give the protocol for receiving a general officer into a camp, or receiving enemy envoys under a flag of truce.
Other general orders emphasize regular reports on the status of troops ands supplies, the importance of good recruiting, and various logistical problems. Putnam's order recruits men experienced in handling whaleboats. The book includes a chart of the organization of the besieging army, and a number of accounts for officers of Lee's Additional Continental Regiment purchasing uniforms for themselves and their troops in and Note: Although the cover page of this volume says that Lee was of the 23rd regiment, it is unclear what regiment is being referred to.
IV, p. It is unknown whether the reference to the 23rd regiment reflects an earlier or temporary name for Glover's regiment or is another name for Lee's Additional Continental Regiment, formed in General, division [General Friedrich von Steuben? Washington's orders include a commendation to Gen. Greene's troops for opposing an enemy advance on Springfield N. Division orders concern courts-martial, deployment and provisioning of troops, re-assignment of units, and preparations for battle. Brigade and regimental orders concern mainly duty assignments.
A September 6th entry refers to a large force under Generals Lincoln and Ward about to march to the engagements of Saratoga. Much of the following text up to November 9th is faded. Orders from November 23rd to December 4th concern the suppressing of "tippling houses" near the camp and issuing new uniforms daily. General orders concern daily returns on the muster roll, weekly divine service, strict uniformity in practicing maneuvers, a new oath of allegiance required by the Congress, and a bonus pension program for all officers and men serving for the duration. Brigade and regimental orders concern guard and duty details, care of the sick, and appointment of brigade inspectors.
Other items include a three-page fragment from a brigade order, a brief account of Tufts' military service by his son, two poems, and his son's account of his conversation from a career as a liquor distiller. General orders from Washington's headquarters in Morristown N. Department and garrison orders concern housing and defense of West Point and the surrounding forts, watch boats to detect enemy activities and weighing the chain boom across the river in winter.
Brigade and regimental orders involve maneuver drills for the troops, forage details, and courts-martial. On December 2nd, General Heath takes over as commanding officer of the Highlands deportment. And later the 1st Mass. General orders from Washington in New Jersey concern uniform details for officers and non-commissioned officers and then for a corps of Light Infantry.
Department and garrison orders deal with strengthening the fortifications around West Point, and, beginning in July, a shift of troops to the lower Hudson to exploit a possible move by the British inn New York City to attack Rhode Island. Brigade and regiment orders concern chiefly promotions, courts-martial, and detail of equipping the troops for their move south.
The book opens with a description of an elaborate plan for rejoicing on May 30th with toasts, salutes, fireworks, etc. Orders at all levels stress drilling the troops. On June 18 Washington expresses satisfaction at the review of the Army by the brigades and thanks Major General von Steuben for the discipline he has instilled. Washington also reports that Congress has recommended discharge and pensions for men no longer able to serve in the field or in garrison.
He later calls for inspection of all arms for possible defects and reminds the troops that further inspections of the army will view their maneuvers. This book also contains a two-page index and four pages of duty rosters for May through June for captains and subalterns of the regiment.
Washington's orders from Newburgh concerned furloughs for officers and actions by Congress in re-organizing the offices of Adjutant General, Paymaster General, the Quartermaster General and the Post Office as it affects Army mail. Department, brigade and regimental orders concerned building housing for the troops, uniforms for the Mass. Regiments of the line, courts-martial, and various guard and fatigue details. Included are a number of sample forms for returns on rations and other expenses, and watch schedules for commissioned and non-commissioned officers of the regiment.
Note: Because this book was previously filmed, the target information is slightly different from other targets on the film. Includes orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge calling for regular reports on the status of troops and their ammunition, and stressing the need to keep them clean, well-drilled, disciplined, and on the alert. Division orders concern deployment of troops, furloughs, and the use of pickets; and brigade and regimental orders cover specific assignments for fatigue, picket and guard duty.
The book also includes a list of field officers established in November , muster lists of companies in Little's regiment, lists of furloughs, desertions, and discharges, and regimental receipts for clothing, guns, and pay. Orders from General Washington's headquarters concerning the state of alert, the establishment of the Continental Army on January 1, , entrance into Boston in March , removal to New York City in April, and the details of establishing a new camp with a new alarm system and deployment arrangements in New York City and environs. General and regimental orders kept for Colonel Little at Prospect Hill?
General orders from the headquarters of General Artemas Ward, and later July 3 George Washington, in Cambridge concern state of alert of sentries, unauthorized absences from camp, the importance of responding immediately to any alarm and of good communications with headquarters. A regimental order from Colonel Little calls for tightened security in his unit, and proper cleanliness for each company's parade.
Note: Because II. Sullivan's order concerns deployment of his regiments.
Hutchinson's orders concern courts-martial; returns on personnel, their clothing and arms; neglect of duty, discharging arms, or gaming; cleanliness; and prohibiting traffic with Boston for fear of small pox. The book contains a roster of officers and sergeants of the regiment and a list of men discharged July ; a list of colonels, lieutenant colonels, and majors in the Continental Army during the Siege of Boston; also various lists of deserters and prisoners taken by the British at the capture of Fort Washington November 16th.
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General, division General Charles R. Orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge concern training, discipline, state of alert of the troops, and enlistments for Division and brigade orders concern barracking of troops, construction of fortifications at Prospect Hill, Plowed Hill, Lechmere's Point, and other points on the left wing of the siege. Following the British evacuation of Boston in March , Col. Hutchinson's regiment is stationed in Boston, and later Dorchester Heights. General orders particularly concern precautions against the small pox in Boston, improvement of fortifications at Dorchester Heights, and constant vigilance against the British evacuation fleet, which lingered in Boston Harbor before setting out for Halifax.
The book also contains a descriptive list of officers and men enlisted from Essex County, and a roster of carpenters in several regiments, listing their specific tools. General orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge prohibit sale of liquor to the troops, detach men for Benedict Arnold's attack on Quebec, and provide commissions for militia officers to serve in the Continental Army.
A division order requests personnel returns from both of Lee's brigades. Brigade and regimental orders set duty assignments and order returns on personnel and equipment.
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The general orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge concern the hygiene, discipline, and state of alert of the troops. Brigade and regimental orders concern re-enlistment of current troops for or recruitment of replacements, completing the fortification of Winter Hill and other strong points of the siege, and providing barracks and new regimental uniforms for the troops.
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Many pages contain calligraphy samples with the orders overwritten. A few pages carry quotations apparently from the Bible , or lists of names, including an October roster of Captain Abisha Brown's company showing round of cartridges needed per man. The regiment served as guards for the Convention Army of British soldiers captured at Saratoga in General orders from General Heath in Boston concern alarm stations for the small departmental garrison, repair of local forts and redoubts, and also a number of orders regarding the transfer of prisoners from Cambridge to another camp, limits of parole for both officers and men of the Convention Army, and courts of inquiry into incidents between the British prisoners and their guards.
The book also contains a roll of Captain Homes' Company, a brief write-up of Harris's participation in two wars and various personal items. This book appears at the end of a volume that includes Harris' orderly book from the French and Indian War. The colonial orders can be found elsewhere. Orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge hail the establishment of the Continental Army and its rules and articles January 1 , and deploy his forces for the siege.
A brigade order assigns the 7th Regiment to Sewall's Point. Regimental orders tighten up routines for guard duty and barracks inspection. Following the British evacuation of Boston in mid-March, orders to the occupying Continental Army concern precautions against small pox and strengthening fortifications against a surprise attack from the British fleet still lingering in the bay.
General orders from Washington's later headquarters in lower Manhattan April May 19 repeat the process of deploying troops, strengthening fortifications and guarding against smallpox. Prescott's regiment was initially stationed on Governor's Island to set up positions there. Lee , and brigade General Samuel H. Division orders reinforce these points, and Brigade orders assign daily picket, guard and fatigue duties. District orders concern state of alert of troops, keeping forts at the Heights ready for action, and avoiding the smallpox in Boston.
Regimental orders cover guard details and procedures, returns on personnel, payroll sheets, discharge of men enlisting in the Continental Army, etc. The book also contains a tally of Americans taken prisoner in the New York City are campaign, a separate tally of General Howe's British troops, a patriotic war song, and figures on the Army's monthly pay scales and provision allowances. Garrison orders concern Benedict Arnold taking command at West Point on August 3, , an edict against crossing the Hudson River after dark, and the formation of a detachment of light infantry. Brigade and regimental orders concern the initial movement of Colonel Wade's troops from Great Barrington Mass.
On September 25, Arnold's treason became known, and deployment orders on September 26 of the garrison to reinforce forts and redoubts. The book contains a roster and a return of Capt. Stearns' company. Includes orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge allowing militia to join Continental Army units and also about recruiting, colors, and equipment, and duty posts during alarms. Brigade orders include duty detail and assignments for officer of the day. Lee , and brigade orders for General Sullivan's brigade kept at Winter Hill, Cambridge, 18 July March during the siege and occupation of Boston.
General orders from Washington's headquarters in Cambridge concern training, discipline, and state of alert of the troops, and the occupation of Boston in March The few division concern deployment of troops and arrangements of camps. Sullivan's orders to his unit cover in more detail the housing, drilling, and disposition of his regiments, The include regular reports of the Officer of the Day and the Captain of the Main Guard. The book also contains a ranked list of field officers in the American army, a list of field officers in Canada, daily returns for each regiment, and very detailed charts of the activities and status of officers and non-commissioned soldiers through June General orders from Washington in New Windsor, New York, establish a uniform system of maneuvers and discipline, and announce appointments to his staff.
Division orders concern provisioning, discipline, and deployment of troops. Brigade and regimental orders amplify these orders and make specific assignments. The book also includes a report of the guard on a brief skirmish with the enemy 20 July bound after orders of 20 June , and the complement of guards for Fort Cass, Fort Chase, and other guard posts at the Wyoming camp. General extracts, district General William Heath and division orders for the 1st Connecticut Regiment made up of the former 3rd and 4th Connecticut Regiments kept at West Point, 4 January February General orders extracted by General Edward Hand, Adjutant General from Washington's headquarters in Philadelphia concern officers' furloughs and servants.
Highlands District and division orders concern monthly returns, administrative reports, and courts-martial. The book also contains lists of men furloughed by the 3rd and 4th Connecticut, and counts of French and American troops killed or wounded in the siege of Yorktown. Unrelated material includes genealogical records of Joseph R. Also included are sheet music for two songs, a poem, and commonplace-like jottings. Note: The spine of this volume identifies this as the 3rd Continental Regiment.